Course Modules

Module 1

  • Introduction of all participants and Course supervisors, description of teaching techniques.
  • Versatility of the Straight Wire technique.
  • An overview of Class 1 cases.
  • Documentation for orthodontic cases.
  • Record taking patient examination and Clinical photography.*
  • Case assessment.
  • Radiography in orthodontics, basic cephalometrics theory and practical*, clinical relevance of cephalometrics.
  • Diagnosis and treatment planning of Class 1 cases.*
  • Introduction to the typodont.*
  • Banding and bonding typodont.
  • Homework cases 1,2,3.*
  • *Denotes session involving practical element

Module 2

  • Treatment planning in orthodontics
  • Treatment of Class 1 problems
  • Relief of crowding,
  • The Royal London Hospital Space analysis*,
  • Theory of bracket and band placement
  • Orthodontic materials, brackets, cements, bands
  • Archwire sequence in the Straight Wire technique
  • Relevance of archform.
  • Placement of archwires in the typodont, initial alignment. *
  • Homework Cases 4,5, 6.
  • *Denotes session involving practical element

Module 3

  • Choice of extractions
  • Anchorage
  • Headgear theory and Headgear practical*
  • Supplementing anchorage including palatal and lingual arches
  • Review of photographic technique
  • Alignment, looped vs. sliding mechanics, use of push coil, monthly measurements
  • Complete alignment - working archwires in the typodont*
  • Homework Cases 7,8,9. *
  • *Denotes session involving practical element

Module 4

  • Risk benefit balance in orthodontics
  • Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need
  • Orthodontic research methodology - a critical appraisal.
  • Introduction to Twin Blocks, bite registration, trimming and reactivation.
  • Mode of action of functional appliances.
  • Modifications of the Twin Block
  • Transition from Twin blocks to Fixed appliances
  • Advantages and Disadvantages of Twin Blocks
  • Leveling of Typodont*. Cases 10,11,12.
  • *Denotes session involving practical element

Module 5

  • Diagnosis and treatment planning of Class 2 cases*
  • Class 2 div 1
  • Overjet reduction,
  • Overbite reduction,
  • Advantages and disadvantages of Twin blocks.
  • Start space closure in the typodont* Cases 13,14,15.*
  • *Denotes session involving practical element

Module 6

  • Space closure in the straight wire technique, compares all the various methods available. ElastiNiTi Coi springs, power chain - advantages and disadvantages of each will be discussed
  • Looped versus sliding mechanics
  • Transverse problems in orthodontics:
  • Arch expansion and the correction of crossbite
  • Q.H. and R.M.E.
  • Correction of habits
  • Use of removable appliances in modern orthodontics and how these can be avoided
  • Homework Cases 16, 17, 18
  • *Denotes session involving practical element

Module 7

  • Functional occlusion, canine-guidance vs. group function, anterior guidance, CO/CR relationship.
  • Case assessment for finishing*
  • Use of intra-oral elastics.
  • Finishing procedures - detailing the occlusion,
  • Space closure to be completed on typodont*,
  • Debanding and debonding,
  • Retention regimes,
  • Homework Cases 19,10,21
  • *Denotes session involving practical element

Module 8

  • Class 2 div 2,
  • Long-term stability, bonded retainers, pericision,
  • Interproximal stripping
  • Extraction decisions in Class II div 2
  • Aetiology of malocclusion,
  • Cephalometric superimposition*
  • Stability and relapse, long-term studies.
  • Final adjustments to typodont
  • Debond, Deband, *
  • Homework cases 22,23,24.
  • *Denotes session involving practical element

Module 9

  • Class 3 malocclusions diagnosis and treatment planning
  • Growth prediction from cephs*
  • Hand-wrist radiographs, Growth modification therapy: chin cups, reversed pull headgear
  • Orthognathic surgery: case assessment, differential diagnosis
  • Model surgery, prediction tracings
  • Methods of surgery to correct vertical, transverse and sagittal problems
  • Homework cases 25,26,27
  • *Denotes session involving practical element

Module 10

  • Difficult cases, diagnosis and treatment of impacted teeth, misplaced canines, spacing,
  • Hypodontia, restorative/orthodontic interface
  • Magnets in orthodontics
  • Dentoalveolar surgery and orthodontics, tooth transplantation.
  • Orthodontic/periodontic interface
  • Hazards in Orthodontics.
  • Cleft lip and palate cases
  • Finishing techniques on the typodont, *
  • Early treatment, habit breakers, serial extractions,
  • Long term effects of orthodontic treatment
  • Non-extraction decisions, Therapeutic diagnosis,
  • Vertical orthodontic problems, high angle cases, severe low angle cases.
  • Relationship of TMJ problems to orthodontics, cure or cause, TMJ splints.
  • Case presentations by the participants*
  • *Denotes session involving practical element